Initiation and Stimulation of Functional Movement and System Mechanics

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Michelle M. Turner
Kimberly N Huggins


Rotation, functional, movement, stimulation, human body, system mechanics


The human body, at its peak, moves fluidly in
three-dimensional space maintaining a balance and opposition to gravity. The development of complex movements begins in infancy and builds based upon exploration of limb movement, followed by trunk involvement and ultimately whole body movements (ie. walking). System mechanics binds this progression of movement development. The authors define system mechanics as the combination of movements, external stimuli and neurological organization that cooperate to result in movement. This concept of system mechanics intersects neuromechanics and functional anatomy. The principles of neuromechanics provide a framework for understanding movements in individuals with a healthy nervous system and how that differs in a system with motor deficits. Neuromechanical studies are aimed at understanding the required interaction of neural, biomechanical and environmental stimuli that result in purposeful movements.1-3 Such studies offer an external understanding of how movement occurs and suggests external applications to alter movement patterns for rehabilitative purposes. Functional anatomy describes movement as the sum of anatomical parts. In this work, the authors will describe an extrapolation of the idea of neuromechanics and functional anatomy where movement can be reorganized following the presentation of variable rotational motor patterns.

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